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July 12, 2020, 10:10:40 am

Author Topic: Mathematics Question Thread  (Read 711706 times)  Share 

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fun_jirachi

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4365 on: October 20, 2019, 12:56:16 pm »
+1
Hey there!

Essentially, when we have f(x)-k = 0, we're looking for the solutions as a horizontal line cuts through f(x) (we're just considering where y=f(x) and y=k intersect!). Since you have the sketch of the graph from part ii), you'll notice that above the local maximum, y=k cuts the graph only once, while a similar occurs below the local minimum. Between the local maximum and the local minimum, you'll also notice that the line y=k cuts f(x) three times. Hence, the only values where the line y=k will cut the graph at two distinct places is when k is equal to the y-value of the local max and local min ie. when the horizontal line is tangential to the graph! Hence, k would equal either 7 or -20.

Hope this helps :)
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Hawraa

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4366 on: October 20, 2019, 12:56:53 pm »
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Hi everyone,
Can someone please help me with this probability question.

Gerry has a standard deck of 52 cards in his hands, consisting of 4 different suits, each suit has 13 cards. What is the probability of Gerry picking a queen of spades then picking up any card from the hearts suit?

I know that the P of queen of spades would be 1/52 (which is also correct in the answers given) but for the other part of P of any card of the heart suit, I think it should be 13/51 since he already has one card in his hand but the answers say it's 13/52?  So that's why I'm confused.

fun_jirachi

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4367 on: October 20, 2019, 01:01:36 pm »
+1
Hey there!

I think it might be an issue with interpreting the question.

I agree with you, when the question is worded like that, the answer for picking a heart would be 13/51 given Gerry picks the queen of spades then picks any heart (thus implying no replacement). However, if we try to justify the question's answer, there would be two possibilities I can think of (which are basically one possibility)

a) There's replacement
b) They're two separate events ie What is the probability of Gerry picking a queen of spades as opposed to a heart

Just make sure you check the wording of the question very carefully, because one or two words alter what the question implies entirely.

Hope this helps :)
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Hawraa

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4368 on: October 20, 2019, 01:10:15 pm »
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Hey there!

I think it might be an issue with interpreting the question.

I agree with you, when the question is worded like that, the answer for picking a heart would be 13/51 given Gerry picks the queen of spades then picks any heart (thus implying no replacement). However, if we try to justify the question's answer, there would be two possibilities I can think of (which are basically one possibility)

a) There's replacement
b) They're two separate events ie What is the probability of Gerry picking a queen of spades as opposed to a heart

Just make sure you check the wording of the question very carefully, because one or two words alter what the question implies entirely.

Hope this helps :)

Thanks for your help 🌷
But which one do you think U should go with if I get a question like this in the exam?

spnmox

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4369 on: October 20, 2019, 02:30:46 pm »
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Hey guys, need help with attached MC. I integrated as normal and just put some abs value signs around it, I got A but answer is C

Also, for v=2- 4/(t+1). Find the exact distance travelled by the particle in the first 7 seconds.
I got 10-4ln2, but answers say 10-4log2. These give different answers, right? How do I get log instead of ln?

Thanks so much :) 5 more days !!
« Last Edit: October 20, 2019, 03:00:49 pm by spnmox »

fun_jirachi

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4370 on: October 20, 2019, 03:48:54 pm »
+1
Thanks for your help 🌷
But which one do you think U should go with if I get a question like this in the exam?

Always go with what the question implies :) But there's no way the HSC will be this ambiguous ever, so you shouldn't have to worry about it at all.

Hey guys, need help with attached MC. I integrated as normal and just put some abs value signs around it, I got A but answer is C

Also, for v=2- 4/(t+1). Find the exact distance travelled by the particle in the first 7 seconds.
I got 10-4ln2, but answers say 10-4log2. These give different answers, right? How do I get log instead of ln?

Thanks so much :) 5 more days !!

Hey there!

You can't just 'integrate as normal' here and then stick some absolute value signs; that's always very risky and nearly always wrong. A rule of thumb is to never integrate absolute values conventionally :)

There's a few better ways to consider this:
a) Draw up the graph, then calculate the area using triangles
b) Split up the integral using the definition of the absolute value like so


For your second question, log always denotes ln ie. they are the same thing except on your calculator, where log is log base 10, while ln is log base e. They are the same answer :)

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violet123

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4371 on: October 20, 2019, 07:20:17 pm »
0
Hi,
why does sin (x+) = -sin(x)?

DrDusk

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4372 on: October 20, 2019, 07:26:33 pm »
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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4373 on: October 21, 2019, 10:36:54 am »
-1
Guys for this question,
Consider the function f(x)= xe^-x it says show that f(x) = e^-x(x-2) would you use product rule on the xe^-x?

Ps. Can anyone help me with understanding how to sketch this? Indicating stationary points and nature..
-KgkG-

fun_jirachi

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4374 on: October 21, 2019, 12:02:37 pm »
+1
Hey there!

Yes, you would have to use the product rule.

In sketching this:
a) You would've found f'(x) by finding f''(x) --> Note that there is a singular stationary point at x=1, where f'(x)=0, and since f''(1) is negative, this indicates that the stationary point is a local maximum
b) Similarly, there is a point of inflexion at x=2
c) Have a look at the values of f(x) as x approaches positive and negative infinity to find any asymptotes
d) Clearly also, f(0)=0, so put that point on your graph, as well as the inflexion point (2, 2/e2) and the local max (1, 1/e)

Hope this helps :)

EDIT: Typo as kindly pointed out by Hawraa and Rui :)
« Last Edit: October 21, 2019, 02:14:41 pm by fun_jirachi »
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Hawraa

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4375 on: October 21, 2019, 12:44:30 pm »
+1
Hey there!

Yes, you would have to use the product rule.

In sketching this:
a) You would've found f'(x) by finding f''(x) --> Note that there is a singular stationary point at x=1, where f'(x)=0, and since f''(1) is positive, this indicates that the stationary point is a local maximum
b) Similarly, there is a point of inflexion at x=2
c) Have a look at the values of f(x) as x approaches positive and negative infinity to find any asymptotes
d) Clearly also, f(0)=0, so put that point on your graph, as well as the inflexion point (2, 2/e2) and the local max (1, 1/e)

Hope this helps :)

Isn't like when the second derivative is positive then it is a minimum, not maximum?

RuiAce

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4376 on: October 21, 2019, 12:48:41 pm »
+2
Isn't like when the second derivative is positive then it is a minimum, not maximum?
Yeah. Think he just made a typo. The second derivative should be negative when \(x=1\), and hence we have a local maximum.




This formula is not taught in the 2U course. It's a valid cheat from a 3U context, but we cannot assume 2U students know it.
Hi,
why does sin (x+) = -sin(x)?
Your LaTeX isn't showing up, but if like DrDusk said you meant \(\sin(x+\pi)\) on the left, you basically need to think back to ASTC.

Throughout the course, you've done things like \( \sin \left( \frac{5\pi}{4} \right) = -\sin \frac\pi4\), and \( \sin \frac{3\pi}{4} = \sin \frac\pi4\). These were done identifying things like \( \frac{5\pi}4\) is in the 3rd quadrant and \( \frac{3\pi}{4}\) is in the 2nd quadrant. But you may have learnt it as nothing more but a trick, without thinking about why they work.

In reality, the identity \( \boxed{\sin(\pi + x) = -\sin x} \) for the 3rd quadrant, along with other identities for the 2nd and 4th quadrants, are the formulas that let you do this in the first place. In general, depending on which quadrant you're in, you can use the `ASTC' trick to figure out whether the trig ratio is positive or negative. But the actual formulae being used are:
\begin{align*}
\sin(\pi - x) &= \sin x\tag{+'ve in 2nd quad}\\
\sin(\pi + x) &= -\sin x\\
\sin (2\pi - x) &= -\sin x
\end{align*}
\begin{align*}
\cos(\pi - x) &= -\cos x\\
\cos(\pi + x) &= -\cos x\\
\cos(2\pi - x) &= \cos x\tag{+'ve in 4th quad}
\end{align*}
\begin{align*}
\tan(\pi - x) &= -\tan x\\
\tan (\pi + x) &= \tan x\tag{+'ve in 3rd quad}\\
\tan(2\pi - x) &= -\tan x
\end{align*}
If you're genuinely interested in derivations of such results, you have to go back to the unit circle definition of the trigonometric ratios. This video can help get you started.
« Last Edit: October 21, 2019, 01:00:07 pm by RuiAce »

Youssefh_

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4377 on: October 21, 2019, 03:20:19 pm »
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Hi please just in need of quick assistance, this question is so easy and I know it is easy, but I don't know why I dont know how to find the radius from the equation of the tangent, can you please quickly explain

fun_jirachi

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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4378 on: October 21, 2019, 03:25:48 pm »
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If a line is tangent to a circle, we know that the distance from the centre to the point of contact is the radius, which meets the tangent at a right angle. Basically, we substitute (3, -2) into the perpendicular distance formula, then use the equation of a circle (x-h)2+(y-k)2=r2 to find the answer (given the centre (h, k)).
Hope this helps :)

Hey there!

This was actually asked a while back! If there's anything else that needs clarification please ask :D

Hope this helps :)
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Re: Mathematics Question Thread
« Reply #4379 on: October 21, 2019, 08:39:34 pm »
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Hi!
I'm stuck on this 2010 HSC Question (8d)

I got the required k value, which was 3, but the answer said the inequality was k≥3, while I got k≤3.

The marker's notes states that many students were unable to recognise the necessary sign change. Can someone please explain why the signs need to change?

Thank you.
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