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August 20, 2019, 05:13:00 am

Author Topic: Trouble with Psych exam questions!  (Read 7665 times)  Share 

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rh

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #135 on: November 05, 2008, 10:31:52 pm »
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ethical issues in little albert were:
-confidentiality: his results were revealed without consent.
-respect for persons: albert was deliberately caused discomfort and when he was in severe distress watson and rayner did nothing to minimise it.
-withdrawal rights: he was too young and had no opportunity to withdraw, even when he was suffering severe distress and discomfort.
-informed consent: his mother didn't know what the experiment entailed before she consented. it is likely she didn't consent at all.
-beneficence: the role of the experimenter is so maximise benefit and to minimise harm to the participants. the experimenters did nothing to minimise the harm that albert was suffering.

rh

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #136 on: November 05, 2008, 10:36:30 pm »
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it cold be important to repeat studies to see if they are valid and to ensure they achieve the same results each time.

similarities of CC and aversion therapy would be they both involve the association of two stimuli, and a difference is that that AV is used to remove unwanted behaviour and CC isn't

though they're just guesses, i have no idea really..

what do you mean by memory loss pattern? stuff to do with the forgetting curve?

sonnypls

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #137 on: November 05, 2008, 10:46:41 pm »
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umm it said that some person had anterograde amnesia.
describe his memory pattern of his lost memories being recoved or something.

and crap I meant taste aversion not aversion therapy hahah I'm so screwed for tomorrow.

rh

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #138 on: November 05, 2008, 10:52:21 pm »
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oh is that a question from a vcaa exam? on the previous page two people explained it, just read up a bit!

and sorry about that aversion thing, i should've known what you meant. here is what you're after..

similarities between taste aversion (which is a form of one trial learning) and classical conditioning
-both involve the association of two stimuli
-both involve an involuntary, automatic response to a stimuli

differences are:
-the response classical conditioning is easily generalised, the response in taste aversion is not
-in classical conditioning the association occurs over a number of trials. in taste aversion the association is formed usually after one experience.
-in classical conditioning the response is easily extinguished, in taste aversion it's highly resistant to extinction
-in classical conditioning the timing of the stimuli must be close (so the CS and the UCS have to be  presented within .5 of a second for the learner to make an association). in taste aversion the time between the stimuli can be delayed. (so you can eat the food and feel sick hours later, and still make the association)

sonnypls

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #139 on: November 05, 2008, 11:00:00 pm »
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oh goody!
thank you
last but not least.

explain Allan Baddeley's subsystem theory

phonological loop
visuospatial
central executive

rh

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #140 on: November 05, 2008, 11:12:35 pm »
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i'm about to go to bed so this is a straight copy from my notes (which i believe melaniej posted on here originally.)

Working memory is the three part system of STM that is used for the temporary storage and active manipulation of information during complex cognitive tasks such as learning, comprehending and reasoning. It has three components; the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad and the central executive.

The phonological loop is the area of working memory that holds sound based information for approximately 2 seconds. It contains two subsystems the articulatory control system and the phonological store. The phonological store holds speech for approximately 1.5-2 seconds and the articulatory control system holds information by sub-vocalising it.

The visuospatial sketchpad is the area of working memory that holds visual and spatial information for manipulation such as remembering shapes and colours, or the location or speed of objects in space. It is also involved in tasks which involve planning of spatial movements, like planning one's way through a complex building. When for example, you are watching TV, and you have put a glass down next to you, you can reach out and still know where it is while you are focussing on the TV due to your visuospatial sketchpad.

The central executive monitors, controls and integrates information from the verbal and visual storage systems, as well as information received from long-term memory. It plays an important role in working on the information held in the other two subsystems. Itís also responsible for suppressing irrelevant information from our conscious thinking and involved with like decision making and planning.

if you want more explanation have a look at the eriny's unit 4 notes on the vcenotes.com home page.

sonnypls

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Re: Trouble with Psych exam questions!
« Reply #141 on: November 06, 2008, 07:59:09 am »
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good luck everyone.
time to face death.  :angel: