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July 10, 2020, 09:53:50 pm

Author Topic: Converting content to exam-style questions and answers (psych)  (Read 706 times)  Share 

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Bri MT

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Converting content to exam-style questions and answers (psych)
« on: January 07, 2019, 11:58:49 am »
+7
Hey,

So we all know exam-style questions are valuable for revision, and this can include ones that you've made as well. Being able to get inside the head of an examiner and visualise marking schemes is incredibly useful for when it comes to writing your responses, so by contributing to this you can help yourself as well as the wider AN psych community. :)

I can't wait to see what you come up with!
(& if enough are contributed I'll collate them into an AN crowd-sourced practice exam. )


Guidelines:
- the study design and QCE syllabus are fantastic aids
- please include the answer in a spoiler
« Last Edit: January 19, 2020, 11:05:10 pm by Bri MT »

whys

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Re: Converting content to exam-style questions and answers (psych)
« Reply #1 on: January 22, 2020, 01:18:51 pm »
+4
Josie is afraid of glasses. How would a psychologist treat Josie's phobia of glasses using systematic desensitization? Reference classical conditioning in your response. (6 marks)

ANSWER
Systematic desensitisation involves first teaching Josie a relaxation technique, such as breathing retraining, which involves breathing in through the nose and out through the mouth at a constant, slow rate. This produces a relaxation response. Josie then creates a fear hierarchy, which involves ordering situations involving the phobic stimulus from least to most fearful. Then, Josie would work through each situation in the fear hierarchy until Josie is able to relax in that situation using the breathing technique. She would continue to progress to each step until she reaches the most fear-producing situation in the fear hierarchy.

Before conditioning
Conditioned stimulus (CS) ---> Conditioned response (CR)
Glasses ---> fear and pain due to Josie seeing the glasses

Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) ---> unconditioned response (UCR)
Breathing retraining ---> relaxation response in Josie due to breathing retraining

During conditioning
CS + UCS ---> UCR
Glasses + breathing retraining ---> relaxation response in Josie due to breathing retraining
Repeated associations of successive approximations of the phobic stimulus, glasses, and breathing retraining occur.

After conditioning
Conditioned stimulus (CS) ---> Conditioned response (CR)
Glasses ---> relaxation response due to Josie seeing the glasses

After successful repeated associations, the glasses should produce a relaxation response rather than a fear response. After the fear response has been successfully extinguished, Josie can move on to the next situation in her fear hierarchy.

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