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April 21, 2021, 06:58:59 pm

Author Topic: VCE Psychology Question Thread!  (Read 264035 times)  Share 

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Coolgalbornin03Lo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1770 on: November 11, 2020, 12:22:39 pm »
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Are protective factors still technically in the study design?
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tiredandstressed

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1771 on: November 11, 2020, 12:33:54 pm »
+1
Are protective factors still technically in the study design?
"resilience as a positive adaption to adversity including the relative influence of protective factors with reference
to: adequate diet and sleep (biological); cognitive behavioural strategies (psychological); support from family,
friends and community (social)
"- VCAA 2020 SD
"Students should also be able to demonstrate knowledge relating to the relative influences of protective factors on an individual’s level of resilience."- VCAA FAQ 2020 SD
You should know the protective factors bolded, and how they contribute to both resilience and improving mental health
« Last Edit: November 11, 2020, 12:37:18 pm by tiredandstressed »
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Coolgalbornin03Lo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1772 on: November 11, 2020, 12:45:52 pm »
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If hippocampus is damaged, since they are responsible for retrieving memories from cerebral cortex doesn’t that mean person can’t remember anything then? How come Alzheimer’s only has trouble forming?
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jasonn_ly

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1773 on: November 11, 2020, 01:11:28 pm »
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If hippocampus is damaged, since they are responsible for retrieving memories from cerebral cortex doesn’t that mean person can’t remember anything then? How come Alzheimer’s only has trouble forming?

In the early stages of alzheimers the hippocampus is first effected so encoding of explicit memories would be worse. As the neurodegenerative disease progresses shrinkage in the brain occurs which results in loss and degeneration of neurons in the cerebral cortex so individuals can't recall long term explicit memories. I think your forgetting that the hippocampus not only receives but consolidates those memories in the first place.

Mkiryo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1774 on: November 11, 2020, 02:00:23 pm »
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Hey guys can someone please help me clarify the following?

- with question 6 on the 2013 exam, why does it state that sleep deprivation affects simple tests (divided attention) more that complex tasks (selective attention) - isn’t it harder to focus on a complex task when you’re sleep deprived whereas automatic process are innate? And are simple tasks also more affected that complex tasks in an altered state of consciousness

- how can we tell if a person has interpreted a stressor as being benign-positive or as a challenge?

- how do we explain CBT in detail and is there any difference between its use as an intervention for phobias and as a protective factor?

- how do we explain how LTP and the role of stress response contribute to phobia?
 
- how exactly are specific environmental triggers contributing factors to developing phobias? Is it just that a traumatic experience can cause a phobia to develop?


Your help would be so incredibly appreciated! (Also, you don't have to answer all those questions if you don't have time, the first two questions are the ones I'm most confused about)
« Last Edit: November 11, 2020, 02:19:40 pm by Mkiryo »
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tiredandstressed

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1775 on: November 11, 2020, 02:41:14 pm »
+1
Hey guys can someone please help me clarify the following?

- with question 6 on the 2013 exam, why does it state that sleep deprivation affects simple tests (divided attention) more that complex tasks (selective attention) - isn’t it harder to focus on a complex task when you’re sleep deprived whereas automatic process are innate? And are simple tasks also more affected that complex tasks in an altered state of consciousness

PLEASE REMEMBER THIS
When we are sleep deprived WE CANNOT DIVIDE OUR ATTENTION
Therefore when we are sleep deprived, we perform better at complex tasks because it requires our focused attention, whereas a simple task requires divided attention which when we are sleep deprived we are less capable of doing.
So remember sleep deprivation = unable to divide our attention = poorer performance on simple tasks

- how can we tell if a person has interpreted a stressor as being benign-positive or as a challenge?
There should be some sort of positive aspect, or ability to overcome the stressor in the scenario
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Mkiryo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1776 on: November 11, 2020, 02:48:33 pm »
0
PLEASE REMEMBER THIS
When we are sleep deprived WE CANNOT DIVIDE OUR ATTENTION
Therefore when we are sleep deprived, we perform better at complex tasks because it requires our focused attention, whereas a simple task requires divided attention which when we are sleep deprived we are less capable of doing.
So remember sleep deprivation = unable to divide our attention = poorer performance on simple tasks
Thank you for your reply! Would you say that we cannot divide our attention when sleep deprived because it is more effortful? And can we also not divide our attention in an altered state of consciousness?
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angrybiscuit

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1777 on: November 11, 2020, 02:58:30 pm »
+1
- how can we tell if a person has interpreted a stressor as being benign-positive or as a challenge?
It can be a "challenge" if the person sees the situation as stressful or demanding but a person is positive about it. It can be "benign-positive" if it's overall a positive experience rather than something stressful.

You will know with the wording of the question or scenario. For example, heading into exam period is a stressful scenario but an individual could appraise it as "challenge." In this scenario, it would be unlikely that the person would interpret it as an overall positive scenario such as with "benign-positive."

- how do we explain CBT in detail and is there any difference between its use as an intervention for phobias and as a protective factor?
CBT aims to change irrational and distorted thinking into more realistic and positive ones. Irrational thinking leads to impaired reasoning and judgements which ultimately influences dysfunctional behaviour. There is also a behavioural component which uses systematic desensitisation (I think) and principles of breathing retraining for phobia.

There's not much difference between using it as intervention or protective factor in terms of targeting faulty cognition to change their subsequent behaviour.

- how do we explain how LTP and the role of stress response contribute to phobia?
 
Role of the stress response: an overactive or easily triggered fight/flight response contribute to the development of phobia as the brain immediately perceives danger when exposed to the phobic stimulus triggering the fight/flight response even if the individual is not in imminent danger. You can also link this to the amygdala and how adrenaline from stress response strengthens the consolidation of the memory which perpetuates the phobia.

LTP: LTP strengthens neural connections that form associations between the phobic stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus (a bad or unpleasant experience). As a result, the phobic stimulus is strongly associated with fear and danger which triggers the stress response.

- how exactly are specific environmental triggers contributing factors to developing phobias? Is it just that a traumatic experience can cause a phobia to develop?
1. individual personally experiences a traumatic experience.
2. observing someone else experiences a traumatic experience. This can be watching someone get viciously attacked by a dog or even learning vicariously through a parent. If a child sees that a parent has a phobia to something, they are more likely to develop it as well.
3. stigma (though perpetuates phobia rather than triggers its development)

Hope that helped a little :)
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Livcur16

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1778 on: November 11, 2020, 05:46:28 pm »
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Hi, I'm a bit confused, which part of the nervous system is the spinal reflex controlled by?
Thanks

Mkiryo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1779 on: November 11, 2020, 06:12:41 pm »
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It can be a "challenge" if the person sees the situation as stressful or demanding but a person is positive about it. It can be "benign-positive" if it's overall a positive experience rather than something stressful.

You will know with the wording of the question or scenario. For example, heading into exam period is a stressful scenario but an individual could appraise it as "challenge." In this scenario, it would be unlikely that the person would interpret it as an overall positive scenario such as with "benign-positive."
CBT aims to change irrational and distorted thinking into more realistic and positive ones. Irrational thinking leads to impaired reasoning and judgements which ultimately influences dysfunctional behaviour. There is also a behavioural component which uses systematic desensitisation (I think) and principles of breathing retraining for phobia.

There's not much difference between using it as intervention or protective factor in terms of targeting faulty cognition to change their subsequent behaviour.
Role of the stress response: an overactive or easily triggered fight/flight response contribute to the development of phobia as the brain immediately perceives danger when exposed to the phobic stimulus triggering the fight/flight response even if the individual is not in imminent danger. You can also link this to the amygdala and how adrenaline from stress response strengthens the consolidation of the memory which perpetuates the phobia.

LTP: LTP strengthens neural connections that form associations between the phobic stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus (a bad or unpleasant experience). As a result, the phobic stimulus is strongly associated with fear and danger which triggers the stress response.
1. individual personally experiences a traumatic experience.
2. observing someone else experiences a traumatic experience. This can be watching someone get viciously attacked by a dog or even learning vicariously through a parent. If a child sees that a parent has a phobia to something, they are more likely to develop it as well.
3. stigma (though perpetuates phobia rather than triggers its development)

Hope that helped a little :)
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Coolgalbornin03Lo

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1780 on: November 11, 2020, 09:01:17 pm »
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Why does VCAA mean bob re-arranging the photos is reconstruction? In the 2019 VCAA exam? I know memory is prone to reconstruction but....?

Also is sleep deprivation and altered state of consciousness?
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cherryblossoms

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1781 on: November 12, 2020, 06:50:39 am »
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If I write an acronym (eg. long-term potentiation (LTP)) in Question 2a, can I still use LTP in Question 2b or do I need to write the full word again?

samtadesse

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1782 on: November 12, 2020, 07:38:12 am »
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If I write an acronym (eg. long-term potentiation (LTP)) in Question 2a, can I still use LTP in Question 2b or do I need to write the full word again?

If it's on the same page, you can simply repeat the acronym (LTP).

However, if they are on different pages, then you should write 'Long Term Potentiation' again.

Harrycc3000

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1783 on: March 06, 2021, 03:54:05 pm »
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Hi guys,
Was just wondering if all major stressors were life events considering that they cause mental trauma that cause significant change in a persons life and force readjustment in a person or if there was a situation where a major stressor isn't a life event. Thanks
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whys

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Re: VCE Psychology Question Thread!
« Reply #1784 on: March 06, 2021, 06:10:42 pm »
+2
Hi guys,
Was just wondering if all major stressors were life events considering that they cause mental trauma that cause significant change in a persons life and force readjustment in a person or if there was a situation where a major stressor isn't a life event. Thanks
There is definitely some overlap. However, remember that a life event must cause the person experiencing the stress to adapt within a relatively short period of time (i.e. change one or more parts of their lifestyle). Major stressors such as experiencing assault would of course result in trauma and impact one’s life, but wouldn’t change a person’s lifestyle in a way that would fit under ‘life event’ and makes more sense to be put under ‘major stressor’. I think you may be overthinking this a little - just think about if the event would change someone’s lifestyle, such as having a baby or moving into a new house. Major stressors will still impact one’s life in some way or other, but that doesn’t necessarily mean it would also fall under life event.
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